The antecedent organization of the Ministry of Culture (MOC), the Council for Cultural Affairs(CCA), was established on November 11, 1981 and tasked with planning out the nation’s cultural infrastructure, promoting development of national and local culture, and drawing up and carrying out related policies.
With the rise of Greater China in the 21st century, Taiwan must contend with global competition, digitalization and industrialization. On top of these are the additional challenge posed by shifting trends in the Asian cultural landscape and challenges associated with mainland China. In response, Taiwan is looking to its unique features and environment, and carrying out long-term developmental policies, to carve out a space for the cultural sphere to shine amidst competition
On May 20, 2012, the Council of Cultural Affairs(CCA) was upgraded to the Ministry of Culture(MOC) as part of a larger governmental reorganization. This move served to ameliorate longstanding issues concerning personnel and resource allocation that had plagued the cultural sector. Agencies, and parts of agencies, from across the government responsible for cultural issues are now together under one roof. More saliently, we are working to create an environment in which cultural activities thrive, where we preserve our cultural heritage and give all people—regardless of background or status—opportunities to express themselves culturally and become more culturally refined.
To achieve these goals, the MOC will subsume unto itself the work done by its predecessor the CCA on preserving cultural assets and promoting literature, community building, cultural infrastructure construction, the performing arts, the visual arts, the cultural and creative industries, and cultural exchanges. To these, it will add the publishing, pop music, film, broadcasting and cross-strait exchange functions of the Government Information Office and the printing of government publications. The National Museum of Taiwan History, National Dr. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall, National Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall, National Museum of Prehistory and the National Theater and Concert Hall, all of which were previously overseen by the Ministry of Education, will also come under MOC supervision. The MOC will consist of seven departments, five auxiliary units, and three task forces, up from three departments, four offices and three task forces. In addition, 18 agencies will fall under MOC supervision, up from 14 overseen by the CCA.
The MOC will work to break free from constrained modes of thinking or focuses on department missions that in the past hampered cultural growth. Plans will be drawn up with flexibility, inclusiveness and the necessity of integrating resources in mind. The art of living, shaping local culture, cultural dissemination and the economic value of culture are all elements shaping culture’s vitality here in Taiwan. These will help society and related industries build on the present and achieve even greater things.